Coffee comes from a red seed (bean) of the coffee plant, a tropical plant that grows about as high as a man. The second most popular hot drink in the world after tea, it is made from water brewed in roasted and ground coffee beans. Coffee has 800 to 1,200 flavor components. Its attractions are its taste and the pick-me-up from the stimulant caffeine.
A person who drinks two cups of coffee a day, consumes the annual harvest of 18 coffee trees. To make good coffee you should:
· Make sure the coffee pot is clean.
· Uses fresh or freshly ground coffee and cold water.
· Use the maximum capacity of the coffee maker.
· Measure accurately, two tablespoons for six ounces of water.
· Find the extract time to produce the best coffee.
· Never allow the coffee to boil.
· Serve as soon as possible after brewing.
· Follow any special institutions provided by the manufacturer.
Most coffees fall into two categories: 1) slightly bitter robustas made with robusta beans traditionally produced mostly in Asia and Africa; 2) and milder arabicas made with arabica beans, traditionally produced primarily from Latin America. These days both robustas and arabicas are produced all over the world.
> Arabicas are regarded as the best quality. They have a smooth flavor and low acidity and are ideal for premium coffees, espresso and gourment coffees. They are used in many of Starbucks’ concoctions. Roasting companies use them to soften their commercial brands.
> Robusta beans are regarded as lower quality. Used to make instant coffee and espresso, they are often exported as green beans, which grinders like Nestles and Sara Lee used mainly to make instant coffee, Robustas contain almost twice as much as caffeine as arabica beans. A typical cup of robusta coffee has 150 milligrams of caffeine while a typical cup of arabica coffee has 70 to 100 milligrams of caffeine.
Types of Coffee
> Espresso is very strong coffee served in little cups and made with a completely different process than that used for normal percolated or brewed coffee. It is made passing water rapidly through packed coffee grounds at high pressure, which causes the oils and other products in the coffee to be more fully extracted. The result is a coffee with a much stronger and richer flavor. A cup of espresso typically contains 1.5 to 2.0 ounces of liquid, much less than a typical cup of brewed coffee but has about the same amount of caffeine as a cup of arabica coffee.
> Cappuccino is a frothy mix of coffee and milk made with a special machine. It is made by adding a shot of espresso with milk and blowing it into a froth. Other European coffee drinks such as caffe macchiato, coffee with a drop of milk, caffe latte , coffee with a lot of milk, and caffe correcto, coffee with brandy and also made with a shot of espresso.
Evidence indicates that 4–5 cups of coffee per day may be optimal amount.
This amount is linked to the lowest risk of premature death, as well as a lower risk of numerous common diseases, some of which affect hundreds of millions of people
Of course, this dosen’t mean that you have to drink coffee.
People who are caffeine-sensitive, have certain medical conditions, or simply don’t like this beverage, should definitely avoid it.
What’s more, if you like coffee but find that it tends to give you anxiety or sleep problems, you may want to reduce or eliminate your intake.
Side effects of too much Caffeine
· Anxiety. Caffeine is known to increase alertness.
· Insomnia. Caffiene’s ability to help people stay awake is one of its most prized qualities.
· Digestive issues.
· Muscle breakdown.
· High blood pressure.
· Rapid heart rate.